Crystal Springs Private Game Reserve

Additional information
(External links)
Location code: 24503039
Province: Mpumalanga
Biome: Grassland

  Monthly breakdown of cards Total
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Cards per month 3 6 1 2 0 1 0 0 4 2 60 7 86
No of Species 137 123 25 96 0 85 0 0 154 115 265 172 284
No of Breeding Species 3 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 8 20 103 8 108

Breeding indicator key
    No breeding data     Possible or Probable breeding     Confirmed breeding

Species Monthly reporting rate (RR %) Total
RR %
Cards
at site
Cards
with
spp
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Little Grebe
  Tachybaptus ruficollis
67330500000501002543318627
White-breasted Cormorant
  Phalacrocorax carbo
00000000250202862
Reed Cormorant
  Phalacrocorax africanus
67000010000501001743238620
African Darter
  Anhinga rufa
00000100005001043148612
Grey Heron
  Ardea cinerea
0000000000302862
Black-headed Heron
  Ardea melanocephala
670000100005003149868
Cattle Egret
  Bubulcus ibis
67000000025503271338628
Green-backed Heron
  Butorides striata
000001000025505299868
Hamerkop
  Scopus umbretta
100170500100005001557248621
White Stork
  Ciconia ciconia
0000000000201861
Southern Bald Ibis
  Geronticus calvus
00000000250202862
Hadeda Ibis
  Bostrychia hagedash
100671001000100001001009786948681
Spur-winged Goose
  Plectropterus gambensis
670000100000072910869
Egyptian Goose
  Alopochen aegyptiacus
3300500000751002243278623
Comb Duck
  Sarkidiornis melanotos
0000000000201861
African Black Duck
  Anas sparsa
670050010000001514168614
Yellow-billed Duck
  Anas undulata
000000000507298867
Secretarybird
  Sagittarius serpentarius
00000000050001861
Cape Vulture
  Gyps coprotheres
0000000000201861
Lanner Falcon
  Falco biarmicus
0000000000201861
Amur Falcon
  Falco amurensis
33000000000001861
Rock Kestrel
  Falco rupicolus
330100500000250709868
Yellow-billed Kite
  Milvus aegyptius
00000000003143863
Black-shouldered Kite
  Elanus caeruleus
05010000000255080138611
Verreaux's Eagle
  Aquila verreauxii
00050000000706865
Tawny Eagle
  Aquila rapax
00050000000202862
Wahlberg's Eagle
  Aquila wahlbergi
00000000001208867
Long-crested Eagle
  Lophaetus occipitalis
03310050000000307866
African Hawk-Eagle
  Aquila spilogaster
0000000000201861
Brown Snake-Eagle
  Circaetus cinereus
673300000025500299868
Jackal Buzzard
  Buteo rufofuscus
336700010000100502243318627
Steppe Buzzard
  Buteo vulpinus
1001000000000501543268622
Forest Buzzard
  Buteo trizonatus
03300000000220178615
Black Sparrowhawk
  Accipiter melanoleucus
00000000002142862
African Goshawk
  Accipiter tachiro
331705000005050514128610
African Harrier-Hawk
  Polyboroides typus
0000000000503863
Coqui Francolin
  Peliperdix coqui
0000000000201861
Crested Francolin
  Dendroperdix sephaena
67000000025502043228619
Shelley's Francolin
  Scleroptila shelleyi
331700000025500146865
Red-winged Francolin
  Scleroptila levaillantii
3300500000005147866
Natal Spurfowl
  Pternistis natalensis
10067050010000751006257648655
Swainson's Spurfowl
  Pternistis swainsonii
3300000000501529158613
Red-necked Spurfowl
  Pternistis afer
0000000000330238620
Common Quail
  Coturnix coturnix
00000000000141861
Harlequin Quail
  Coturnix delegorguei
0000000000201861
Helmeted Guineafowl
  Numida meleagris
671000500100001001008286838671
Kurrichane Buttonquail
  Turnix sylvaticus
000000002502143863
Black Crake
  Amaurornis flavirostris
0005001000000203863
Common Moorhen
  Gallinula chloropus
0000000000302862
Red-knobbed Coot
  Fulica cristata
6717000100005001343208617
Blue Crane
  Anthropoides paradiseus
0000000000201861
Denham's Bustard
  Neotis denhami
0000000000302862
Three-banded Plover
  Charadrius tricollaris
0000000000201861
Crowned Lapwing
  Vanellus coronatus
00000000250001861
Black-winged Lapwing
  Vanellus melanopterus
0000000000201861
Blacksmith Lapwing
  Vanellus armatus
01705001000000708867
Common Sandpiper
  Actitis hypoleucos
000500000007298867
Spotted Thick-knee
  Burhinus capensis
330000000001008867
Speckled Pigeon
  Columba guinea
67500500100005004014408634
African Olive-Pigeon
  Columba arquatrix
67170000005001514178615
Red-eyed Dove
  Streptopelia semitorquata
100331005001000010005871608652
Cape Turtle-Dove
  Streptopelia capicola
10067100100010000751005286628653
Laughing Dove
  Streptopelia senegalensis
10000001000050502543298625
Namaqua Dove
  Oena capensis
00000000002142862
Tambourine Dove
  Turtur tympanistria
6717000000005299868
Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove
  Turtur chalcospilos
6717050010000501003243368631
Lemon Dove
  Aplopelia larvata
0000000000201861
African Green-Pigeon
  Treron calvus
0000000000705864
Purple-crested Turaco
  Gallirex porphyreolophus
67670000007503043358630
Grey Go-away-bird
  Corythaixoides concolor
0000000000705864
African Cuckoo
  Cuculus gularis
0000000000201861
Red-chested Cuckoo
  Cuculus solitarius
10050000000010093100838671
Black Cuckoo
  Cuculus clamosus
67000000001004871448638
Levaillant's Cuckoo
  Clamator levaillantii
00000000001007866
Jacobin Cuckoo
  Clamator jacobinus
017000000001314128610
Klaas's Cuckoo
  Chrysococcyx klaas
01700000025501514158613
Diderick Cuckoo
  Chrysococcyx caprius
67330500000003243318627
Barn Owl
  Tyto alba
670000000003146865
African Wood-Owl
  Strix woodfordii
00000000001514128610
Cape Eagle-Owl
  Bubo capensis
0000000000503863
Spotted Eagle-Owl
  Bubo africanus
670000000002296865
Fiery-necked Nightjar
  Caprimulgus pectoralis
0170001000025501029148612
African Black Swift
  Apus barbatus
330100000001001005043488641
White-rumped Swift
  Apus caffer
6717000000501006571598651
Horus Swift
  Apus horus
0000000000503863
Little Swift
  Apus affinis
00050000000706865
Alpine Swift
  Tachymarptis melba
0331000000050502729288624
African Palm-Swift
  Cypsiurus parvus
000000002550506865
Speckled Mousebird
  Colius striatus
6733050010000100100200288624
Red-faced Mousebird
  Urocolius indicus
330000100002550814128610
Narina Trogon
  Apaloderma narina
000000000503145864
Pied Kingfisher
  Ceryle rudis
6717050000000005864
Giant Kingfisher
  Megaceryle maximus
670000000000143863
Half-collared Kingfisher
  Alcedo semitorquata
330000100002502146865
Malachite Kingfisher
  Alcedo cristata
00050000000202862
African Pygmy-Kingfisher
  Ispidina picta
331700000000002862
Woodland Kingfisher
  Halcyon senegalensis
0000000000302862
Brown-hooded Kingfisher
  Halcyon albiventris
6750050010000501001529268622
Striped Kingfisher
  Halcyon chelicuti
0000000000201861
European Bee-eater
  Merops apiaster
10067010000000506571638654
White-fronted Bee-eater
  Merops bullockoides
33000010000250829128610
Little Bee-eater
  Merops pusillus
0000000000302862
Lilac-breasted Roller
  Coracias caudatus
0000000000201861
African Hoopoe
  Upupa africana
3317050010000751001529238620
Green Wood-Hoopoe
  Phoeniculus purpureus
673305000002550200228619
Common Scimitarbill
  Rhinopomastus cyanomelas
33330500100005050829178615
African Grey Hornbill
  Tockus nasutus
0000000000201861
Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill
  Tockus leucomelas
0000010000250506865
Black-collared Barbet
  Lybius torquatus
1008300010000501004543508643
Acacia Pied Barbet
  Tricholaema leucomelas
0000000000705864
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird
  Pogoniulus chrysoconus
671700010000501003557388633
Crested Barbet
  Trachyphonus vaillantii
0170500000501002729288624
Greater Honeyguide
  Indicator indicator
6733000000505050128610
Scaly-throated Honeyguide
  Indicator variegatus
000000000502143863
Lesser Honeyguide
  Indicator minor
3300001000025503148867
Brown-backed Honeybird
  Prodotiscus regulus
01700010000003146865
Golden-tailed Woodpecker
  Campethera abingoni
6700000002550729128610
Cardinal Woodpecker
  Dendropicos fuscescens
0170001000050501814208617
Bearded Woodpecker
  Dendropicos namaquus
3317050010000250509868
Olive Woodpecker
  Dendropicos griseocephalus
00000000250505864
Red-throated Wryneck
  Jynx ruficollis
33170000005005149868
Monotonous Lark
  Mirafra passerina
000500000001209868
Rufous-naped Lark
  Mirafra africana
100330500000501002543338628
Sabota Lark
  Calendulauda sabota
00000000002142862
Barn Swallow
  Hirundo rustica
1001001005000000506371648655
White-throated Swallow
  Hirundo albigularis
00000000250807866
Blue Swallow
  Hirundo atrocaerulea
0000000000705864
Red-breasted Swallow
  Hirundo semirufa
0000000000330238620
Greater Striped Swallow
  Hirundo cucullata
1001001001000000755095100938680
Lesser Striped Swallow
  Hirundo abyssinica
100170000001001006371628653
Rock Martin
  Hirundo fuligula
10010000010000751002857428636
Common House-Martin
  Delichon urbicum
3300000002502214198616
Black Saw-wing
  Psalidoprocne holomelaena
00000000050121410869
Black Cuckooshrike
  Campephaga flava
3300000002501314138611
Fork-tailed Drongo
  Dicrurus adsimilis
67330100010000100504071488641
Square-tailed Drongo
  Dicrurus ludwigii
00050000000202862
Black-headed Oriole
  Oriolus larvatus
675001000100001001008757818670
Pied Crow
  Corvus albus
00000000001309868
Cape Crow
  Corvus capensis
67670500000050150208617
White-necked Raven
  Corvus albicollis
0000000000302862
Southern Black Tit
  Parus niger
3317000100002501229158613
Arrow-marked Babbler
  Turdoides jardineii
10017050010000501002543338628
Bush Blackcap
  Lioptilus nigricapillus
0000000000170128610
Dark-capped Bulbul
  Pycnonotus tricolor
10010010010001000010010098100998685
Terrestrial Brownbul
  Phyllastrephus terrestris
01700000000350268622
Yellow-streaked Greenbul
  Phyllastrephus flavostriatus
00000000250121410869
Sombre Greenbul
  Andropadus importunus
331001001000000751003214418635
Kurrichane Thrush
  Turdus libonyanus
05000010000100501814248621
Orange Ground-Thrush
  Zoothera gurneyi
00000000003814288624
Groundscraper Thrush
  Psophocichla litsipsirupa
330000100005001229158613
Cape Rock-Thrush
  Monticola rupestris
338305000001001006829658656
Sentinel Rock-Thrush
  Monticola explorator
0000000000503863
Mountain Wheatear
  Oenanthe monticola
00000000001309868
Buff-streaked Chat
  Oenanthe bifasciata
336705001000010002857378632
Familiar Chat
  Cercomela familiaris
100100010001000010010088100918678
Mocking Cliff-Chat
  Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris
10050100500000100503057418635
African Stonechat
  Saxicola torquatus
1005005000001001004043478640
Chorister Robin-Chat
  Cossypha dichroa
0330500000251007043598651
Red-capped Robin-Chat
  Cossypha natalensis
0000000000122910869
White-browed Robin-Chat
  Cossypha heuglini
000500000003145864
Cape Robin-Chat
  Cossypha caffra
1001710010001000010010087100858673
White-throated Robin-Chat
  Cossypha humeralis
000001000050501014138611
White-browed Scrub-Robin
  Cercotrichas leucophrys
6733050010000751003057388633
White-starred Robin
  Pogonocichla stellata
000000005001229138611
Willow Warbler
  Phylloscopus trochilus
6750000000002757298625
Barratt's Warbler
  Bradypterus barratti
0000000000503863
Broad-tailed Warbler
  Schoenicola brevirostris
0000000000201861
Cape Grassbird
  Sphenoeacus afer
671710000000501003357378632
Long-billed Crombec
  Sylvietta rufescens
6717000100001001002514308626
Bar-throated Apalis
  Apalis thoracica
6733100100010000751007357718661
Yellow-breasted Apalis
  Apalis flavida
10050050010000501002043318627
Green-backed Camaroptera
  Camaroptera brachyura
0000000000503863
Zitting Cisticola
  Cisticola juncidis
670050010000250714128610
Desert Cisticola
  Cisticola aridulus
0000000000302862
Cloud Cisticola
  Cisticola textrix
0000000000806865
Wing-snapping Cisticola
  Cisticola ayresii
671700010000001743208617
Neddicky
  Cisticola fulvicapilla
1001000100010000751003071478640
Wailing Cisticola
  Cisticola lais
000500000501005014428636
Rattling Cisticola
  Cisticola chiniana
000500000001008867
Red-faced Cisticola
  Cisticola erythrops
01700000000001861
Levaillant's Cisticola
  Cisticola tinniens
0000000025507148867
Croaking Cisticola
  Cisticola natalensis
00000000000141861
Lazy Cisticola
  Cisticola aberrans
0830001000050502714308626
Tawny-flanked Prinia
  Prinia subflava
1005010050010000751004271518644
Spotted Flycatcher
  Muscicapa striata
10083000000002257298625
African Dusky Flycatcher
  Muscicapa adusta
0170100000050505843518644
Ashy Flycatcher
  Muscicapa caerulescens
33330500100002550814158613
Grey Tit-Flycatcher
  Myioparus plumbeus
0000000000201861
Chestnut-vented Tit-Babbler
  Parisoma subcaeruleum
00050000000505864
Pale Flycatcher
  Bradornis pallidus
00000000001208867
Southern Black Flycatcher
  Melaenornis pammelaina
017050000050500147866
Fiscal Flycatcher
  Sigelus silens
06700000010001043208617
Dark-capped Yellow Warbler
  Chloropeta natalensis
00000000000141861
Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler
  Phylloscopus ruficapilla
00000000250303863
Cape Batis
  Batis capensis
033000000100100270288624
Chinspot Batis
  Batis molitor
1006705001000075502243348629
Blue-mantled Crested-Flycatcher
  Trochocercus cyanomelas
00000000250001861
African Paradise-Flycatcher
  Terpsiphone viridis
67500000002503271358630
African Pied Wagtail
  Motacilla aguimp
0000000000201861
Cape Wagtail
  Motacilla capensis
676701000100001001007771778666
Mountain Wagtail
  Motacilla clara
0001000100000503014278623
African Pipit
  Anthus cinnamomeus
10017000100002505010869
Long-billed Pipit
  Anthus similis
10017000100002501829228619
Plain-backed Pipit
  Anthus leucophrys
3300000002503146865
Buffy Pipit
  Anthus vaalensis
00000100002502145864
Striped Pipit
  Anthus lineiventris
0170000005001714168614
Cape Longclaw
  Macronyx capensis
33170000002550307866
Yellow-throated Longclaw
  Macronyx croceus
00000000002142862
Lesser Grey Shrike
  Lanius minor
00000000003143863
Common Fiscal
  Lanius collaris
10033100100010000751002743388633
Red-backed Shrike
  Lanius collurio
6717000000005148867
Southern Boubou
  Laniarius ferrugineus
100671001000100001001008586868674
Crimson-breasted Shrike
  Laniarius atrococcineus
00050000000505864
Black-backed Puffback
  Dryoscopus cubla
100500500100001001003771488641
Brown-crowned Tchagra
  Tchagra australis
01705001000025501229168614
Black-crowned Tchagra
  Tchagra senegalus
1005000010000251003357408634
Olive Bush-Shrike
  Telophorus olivaceus
00000000501004229368631
Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike
  Telophorus sulfureopectus
336700000075504557478640
Bokmakierie
  Telophorus zeylonus
33170500000500480408634
Grey-headed Bush-Shrike
  Malaconotus blanchoti
3317000000501002229248621
Magpie Shrike
  Corvinella melanoleuca
00000000250001861
White-crested Helmet-Shrike
  Prionops plumatus
3300001000025500146865
Brubru
  Nilaus afer
3300500000250170158613
Common Myna
  Acridotheres tristis
0000000000201861
Violet-backed Starling
  Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
00000000001007866
Cape Glossy Starling
  Lamprotornis nitens
000500000500200178615
Red-winged Starling
  Onychognathus morio
1006710010001000010010092100928679
Red-billed Oxpecker
  Buphagus erythrorhynchus
000500000250707866
Gurney's Sugarbird
  Promerops gurneyi
331700000050501814208617
Malachite Sunbird
  Nectarinia famosa
100830000005004771508643
Greater Double-collared Sunbird
  Cinnyris afer
676701000100001001009371888676
Southern Double-collared Sunbird
  Cinnyris chalybeus
330050000075508557718661
White-bellied Sunbird
  Cinnyris talatala
670050010000751002857358630
Collared Sunbird
  Hedydipna collaris
00000000007146865
Amethyst Sunbird
  Chalcomitra amethystina
100100100000001001005257598651
Scarlet-chested Sunbird
  Chalcomitra senegalensis
0000000000302862
House Sparrow
  Passer domesticus
00000000751002814278623
Cape Sparrow
  Passer melanurus
0000000000201861
Yellow-throated Petronia
  Petronia superciliaris
0000000000806865
Spectacled Weaver
  Ploceus ocularis
331700000025503299868
Lesser Masked-Weaver
  Ploceus intermedius
33000000000505864
Village Weaver
  Ploceus cucullatus
670000000751001243208617
Cape Weaver
  Ploceus capensis
331705000005002029228619
Golden Weaver
  Ploceus xanthops
0330000000012010869
Southern Masked-Weaver
  Ploceus velatus
675005000005002557318627
Thick-billed Weaver
  Amblyospiza albifrons
0170500000250507866
Red-billed Quelea
  Quelea quelea
00000000001529138611
Southern Red Bishop
  Euplectes orix
0000000000806865
Yellow Bishop
  Euplectes capensis
000000005002514218618
Red-collared Widowbird
  Euplectes ardens
675010000100005002786368631
White-winged Widowbird
  Euplectes albonotatus
100170500000002714268622
Bronze Mannikin
  Spermestes cucullatus
00100500000050330278623
Red-backed Mannikin
  Spermestes bicolor
00000000250202862
Swee Waxbill
  Coccopygia melanotis
0330001000075502714288624
Green-winged Pytilia
  Pytilia melba
00050010000250809868
African Firefinch
  Lagonosticta rubricata
0000010000501001329178615
Jameson's Firefinch
  Lagonosticta rhodopareia
0000010000250305864
Red-billed Firefinch
  Lagonosticta senegala
00000000002142862
Blue Waxbill
  Uraeginthus angolensis
331705001000050502314268622
Common Waxbill
  Estrilda astrild
331701000100001001001529268622
African Quailfinch
  Ortygospiza atricollis
33000000025012010869
Pin-tailed Whydah
  Vidua macroura
673305000005002529288624
Dusky Indigobird
  Vidua funerea
33000000000202862
Purple Indigobird
  Vidua purpurascens
00050000000001861
Village Indigobird
  Vidua chalybeata
00000000003143863
Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah
  Vidua paradisaea
33000000000505864
Cape Canary
  Serinus canicollis
1008305000001001008357808669
Forest Canary
  Crithagra scotops
0000000000230168614
Yellow-fronted Canary
  Crithagra mozambicus
100170500100001001005357568648
Brimstone Canary
  Crithagra sulphuratus
0000000000705864
Streaky-headed Seedeater
  Crithagra gularis
3300500000751005229478640
Cinnamon-breasted Bunting
  Emberiza tahapisi
6733010001000001004043428636
Cape Bunting
  Emberiza capensis
338305001000050100420438637
Golden-breasted Bunting
  Emberiza flaviventris
67170001000075501729238620
Drakensberg Prinia
  Prinia hypoxantha
0000000000806865
Cape White-eye
  Zosterops virens
00050000000001861
Southern Grey-headed Sparrow
  Passer diffusus
00050000000001861