Vaalkop Dam Nature Reserve

Additional information
(External links)
Location code: 25182725
Province: North West
Biome: Savanna

  Monthly breakdown of cards Total
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Cards per month 12 10 13 9 9 11 12 8 12 3 13 13 125
No of Species 233 232 235 195 181 203 186 199 210 140 218 218 332
No of Breeding Species 39 27 17 3 10 13 8 9 26 29 30 39 107

Breeding indicator key
    No breeding data     Possible or Probable breeding     Confirmed breeding

Species Monthly reporting rate (RR %) Total
RR %
Cards
at site
Cards
with
spp
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Common Ostrich
  Struthio camelus
81080036176342678151912524
Great Crested Grebe
  Podiceps cristatus
820236756362563756762234112551
Black-necked Grebe
  Podiceps nigricollis
00000080000011251
Little Grebe
  Tachybaptus ruficollis
586069337891831008310077387012588
White-breasted Cormorant
  Phalacrocorax carbo
7590851008991100100100100859291125114
Reed Cormorant
  Phalacrocorax africanus
67100927810010092100100100928591125114
African Darter
  Anhinga rufa
83100921008910092100100100859294125117
Grey Heron
  Ardea cinerea
67809289100100928892100858588125110
Black-headed Heron
  Ardea melanocephala
5870696778645875833346626512581
Goliath Heron
  Ardea goliath
427038334427421333023313512544
Purple Heron
  Ardea purpurea
177038443336335033031233512544
Great Egret
  Egretta alba
928085100100919210092100698589125111
Little Egret
  Egretta garzetta
6710092678982587592100856980125100
Yellow-billed Egret
  Egretta intermedia
1710153301883880801312516
Cattle Egret
  Bubulcus ibis
751009233447358385010062856712584
Squacco Heron
  Ardeola ralloides
17301511018252542332301912524
Green-backed Heron
  Butorides striata
253054442245583833031153512544
Black Heron
  Egretta ardesiaca
5050235611083883369313112539
Little Bittern
  Ixobrychus minutus
80000000000011251
Black-crowned Night-Heron
  Nycticorax nycticorax
81083301802580801012512
White-backed Night-Heron
  Gorsachius leuconotus
010000000000011251
Hamerkop
  Scopus umbretta
257062676755427550031385012562
Yellow-billed Stork
  Mycteria ibis
84023223318825001501612520
Abdim's Stork
  Ciconia abdimii
1700000000003151256
Black Stork
  Ciconia nigra
00000000800011251
White Stork
  Ciconia ciconia
80000000000011251
African Sacred Ibis
  Threskiornis aethiopicus
42706967679192888310077777512594
Glossy Ibis
  Plegadis falcinellus
00001100251702315812510
Hadeda Ibis
  Bostrychia hagedash
252031112255505033333803012538
African Spoonbill
  Platalea alba
252031675610083885810054315512569
Greater Flamingo
  Phoenicopterus ruber
80000000000011251
Spur-winged Goose
  Plectropterus gambensis
42704644568283100586754386012575
Egyptian Goose
  Alopochen aegyptiacus
508077781001009288100100858585125106
Comb Duck
  Sarkidiornis melanotos
030381167550252503182512531
Cape Shoveler
  Anas smithii
000033925133301581212515
African Black Duck
  Anas sparsa
008009013800031254
Yellow-billed Duck
  Anas undulata
42704633447375635810077385812572
Red-billed Teal
  Anas erythrorhyncha
171023113345425025046232912536
Cape Teal
  Anas capensis
000009013800021253
Hottentot Teal
  Anas hottentota
800009001700031254
White-faced Duck
  Dendrocygna viduata
58804656447367886710092776912586
Fulvous Duck
  Dendrocygna bicolor
010000000808021253
Southern Pochard
  Netta erythrophthalma
010231111368384201581812522
Secretarybird
  Sagittarius serpentarius
808000000330021253
Cape Vulture
  Gyps coprotheres
01080091750000071259
White-backed Vulture
  Gyps africanus
008000170800841255
Lappet-faced Vulture
  Torgos tracheliotus
00000080000011251
Amur Falcon
  Falco amurensis
010000000000011251
Greater Kestrel
  Falco rupicoloides
010000900800021253
Rock Kestrel
  Falco rupicolus
00000080000011251
Lesser Kestrel
  Falco naumanni
80000000000821252
Black Kite
  Milvus migrans
25108000000001561257
Yellow-billed Kite
  Milvus aegyptius
42308000013008311212515
Black-shouldered Kite
  Elanus caeruleus
5860384456736788836731545812573
Verreaux's Eagle
  Aquila verreauxii
00800000008021252
Tawny Eagle
  Aquila rapax
80800000000021252
Wahlberg's Eagle
  Aquila wahlbergi
4210800080808231012513
African Hawk-Eagle
  Aquila spilogaster
0208011000000031254
Martial Eagle
  Polemaetus bellicosus
00000000008011251
Lizard Buzzard
  Kaupifalco monogrammicus
00800000000011251
Black-chested Snake-Eagle
  Circaetus pectoralis
17081100013800861257
African Fish-Eagle
  Haliaeetus vocifer
7590628910082921009233777782125103
Steppe Buzzard
  Buteo vulpinus
587015000000054462312529
Ovambo Sparrowhawk
  Accipiter ovampensis
008011000000821253
Shikra
  Accipiter badius
000001800000021252
Gabar Goshawk
  Melierax gabar
81023112236175017330151812523
Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk
  Melierax canorus
03015022980170801012512
African Harrier-Hawk
  Polyboroides typus
000011000000011251
Osprey
  Pandion haliaetus
25301522119825000151412517
Coqui Francolin
  Peliperdix coqui
00800000000011251
Crested Francolin
  Dendroperdix sephaena
17404644444585042038463712546
Natal Spurfowl
  Pternistis natalensis
505038566736256325031384112551
Swainson's Spurfowl
  Pternistis swainsonii
6740543356933882510046384512556
Common Quail
  Coturnix coturnix
810800000000021253
Harlequin Quail
  Coturnix delegorguei
80000000000011251
Helmeted Guineafowl
  Numida meleagris
58503833443633636710062465012562
Kurrichane Buttonquail
  Turnix sylvaticus
010800900000021253
African Crake
  Crecopsis egregia
00000000800011251
Black Crake
  Amaurornis flavirostris
250044442725138332301812523
Common Moorhen
  Gallinula chloropus
81081122271750330001512519
Red-knobbed Coot
  Fulica cristata
6770698910082838875100859282125102
African Finfoot
  Podica senegalensis
00000080000011251
Blue Crane
  Anthropoides paradiseus
00000000008011251
Red-crested Korhaan
  Lophotis ruficrista
2520150119825253323231812522
African Jacana
  Actophilornis africanus
17208225645255058676283412542
Common Ringed Plover
  Charadrius hiaticula
170800000000021253
Kittlitz's Plover
  Charadrius pecuarius
251015011272538333323382312529
Three-banded Plover
  Charadrius tricollaris
50505489677367881006777697012588
Crowned Lapwing
  Vanellus coronatus
81015334455422533331582612532
Blacksmith Lapwing
  Vanellus armatus
831008510010010083100100100779292125115
African Wattled Lapwing
  Vanellus senegallus
17101511222725250338151612520
Curlew Sandpiper
  Calidris ferruginea
25080000017015061258
Little Stint
  Calidris minuta
172015000013333354381912524
Ruff
  Philomachus pugnax
4240310000135010069463012538
Common Sandpiper
  Actitis hypoleucos
50505411008509210069624412555
Marsh Sandpiper
  Tringa stagnatilis
42303111018013253377312712534
Common Greenshank
  Tringa nebularia
50301503391750506785383612545
Wood Sandpiper
  Tringa glareola
506077561100507510085545012562
Pied Avocet
  Recurvirostra avosetta
8100000013000831254
Black-winged Stilt
  Himantopus himantopus
17108111190503304681812522
Water Thick-knee
  Burhinus vermiculatus
80802298381733801012513
Spotted Thick-knee
  Burhinus capensis
02001133983800801012512
Grey-headed Gull
  Larus cirrocephalus
81015022271725330801412518
Caspian Tern
  Sterna caspia
000000013000011251
White-winged Tern
  Chlidonias leucopterus
8390100100562725255010062856612582
Whiskered Tern
  Chlidonias hybrida
17201501127001700151112514
Double-banded Sandgrouse
  Pterocles bicinctus
0000220013000021253
Speckled Pigeon
  Columba guinea
424046332264836325069384712559
Red-eyed Dove
  Streptopelia semitorquata
5050467867736788253354315412568
Cape Turtle-Dove
  Streptopelia capicola
92100851001001009210083100857791125114
Laughing Dove
  Streptopelia senegalensis
1001008510010010092100100100929296125120
Namaqua Dove
  Oena capensis
6780772244645050506738625612570
Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove
  Turtur chalcospilos
01080001713008051256
African Green-Pigeon
  Treron calvus
00000900000011251
Grey Go-away-bird
  Corythaixoides concolor
9290927810010092100921009210094125117
African Cuckoo
  Cuculus gularis
000110000000821252
Red-chested Cuckoo
  Cuculus solitarius
2510000000010062621812523
Black Cuckoo
  Cuculus clamosus
501000000003362772112526
Great Spotted Cuckoo
  Clamator glandarius
170800000000021253
Levaillant's Cuckoo
  Clamator levaillantii
3320011000000230812510
Jacobin Cuckoo
  Clamator jacobinus
252031110000008311212515
Klaas's Cuckoo
  Chrysococcyx klaas
800000000081531254
Diderick Cuckoo
  Chrysococcyx caprius
67704656000086785924212552
Barn Owl
  Tyto alba
8108011901380230812510
Southern White-faced Scops-Owl
  Ptilopsus granti
00000000008011251
Pearl-spotted Owlet
  Glaucidium perlatum
2520383378455838253338233812547
Spotted Eagle-Owl
  Bubo africanus
0200000813000841255
Verreaux's Eagle-Owl
  Bubo lacteus
000000013000011251
Rufous-cheeked Nightjar
  Caprimulgus rufigena
80000000008821253
African Black Swift
  Apus barbatus
170000000000821253
White-rumped Swift
  Apus caffer
50608556220013676754694612557
Horus Swift
  Apus horus
810000000000021252
Little Swift
  Apus affinis
58805422449825756769775012562
Alpine Swift
  Tachymarptis melba
010000000800821253
African Palm-Swift
  Cypsiurus parvus
3340822443603833023232612532
Speckled Mousebird
  Colius striatus
82031111198042015311812522
White-backed Mousebird
  Colius colius
0203801100080015912511
Red-faced Mousebird
  Urocolius indicus
4290543322555038836762545412568
Pied Kingfisher
  Ceryle rudis
1009069100100100100100100100928594125117
Giant Kingfisher
  Megaceryle maximus
17101544332785025332302212527
Half-collared Kingfisher
  Alcedo semitorquata
00000080000011251
Malachite Kingfisher
  Alcedo cristata
3330234478453363256731464012550
African Pygmy-Kingfisher
  Ispidina picta
80000900008021253
Woodland Kingfisher
  Halcyon senegalensis
252000110000023231012512
Brown-hooded Kingfisher
  Halcyon albiventris
673054567864756358031235212565
Striped Kingfisher
  Halcyon chelicuti
81080018170000061257
European Bee-eater
  Merops apiaster
3390541100008031152212528
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater
  Merops persicus
83100695600000038773912549
Southern Carmine Bee-eater
  Merops nubicoides
80800000000821253
White-fronted Bee-eater
  Merops bullockoides
2550465656823375423323154312554
Little Bee-eater
  Merops pusillus
808000000015841255
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater
  Merops hirundineus
001500900000831254
European Roller
  Coracias garrulus
030460000000015912511
Lilac-breasted Roller
  Coracias caudatus
503054335627502525015153412542
Purple Roller
  Coracias naevius
008009013800031254
African Hoopoe
  Upupa africana
01015223345173833332382212527
Green Wood-Hoopoe
  Phoeniculus purpureus
002311221825258338151412518
Common Scimitarbill
  Rhinopomastus cyanomelas
000000000015821253
African Grey Hornbill
  Tockus nasutus
25102311336450382502302612533
Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill
  Tockus leucomelas
172046223318835075015153512544
Black-collared Barbet
  Lybius torquatus
030232211278381733801612520
Acacia Pied Barbet
  Tricholaema leucomelas
256046563355503875031464612557
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird
  Pogoniulus chrysoconus
8208000038008061258
Crested Barbet
  Trachyphonus vaillantii
5840467867455050253331154412555
Greater Honeyguide
  Indicator indicator
170001101713800861258
Lesser Honeyguide
  Indicator minor
8101502227813170001012513
Brown-backed Honeybird
  Prodotiscus regulus
80000000000011251
Golden-tailed Woodpecker
  Campethera abingoni
010811111801380230912511
Cardinal Woodpecker
  Dendropicos fuscescens
0300333318000338151212515
Bearded Woodpecker
  Dendropicos namaquus
0100110000000821253
Monotonous Lark
  Mirafra passerina
80000000000011251
Rufous-naped Lark
  Mirafra africana
7560381111900256754773612545
Fawn-coloured Lark
  Calendulauda africanoides
80000900000021252
Sabota Lark
  Calendulauda sabota
75604667785583755810046856612583
Chestnut-backed Sparrowlark
  Eremopterix leucotis
8308000808015071259
Red-capped Lark
  Calandrella cinerea
000110900000021252
Barn Swallow
  Hirundo rustica
8310010078000017671001005612570
White-throated Swallow
  Hirundo albigularis
426031441190505810085624312554
Pearl-breasted Swallow
  Hirundo dimidiata
17108337891676350671503812547
Red-breasted Swallow
  Hirundo semirufa
424038220000673354543112539
Greater Striped Swallow
  Hirundo cucullata
584062672298253310062774512556
Lesser Striped Swallow
  Hirundo abyssinica
92100693311088883100771006212578
South African Cliff-Swallow
  Hirundo spilodera
0100000013000021252
Rock Martin
  Hirundo fuligula
1720312203633258015152012525
Common House-Martin
  Delichon urbicum
8502322090000881112514
Sand Martin
  Riparia riparia
808110000008841255
Brown-throated Martin
  Riparia paludicola
1740314444455063333362234012550
Banded Martin
  Riparia cincta
0100110000000021252
Black Cuckooshrike
  Campephaga flava
0015011000800031254
Ashy Tit
  Parus cinerascens
171015022180132533881312516
Fork-tailed Drongo
  Dicrurus adsimilis
759085891001009210083100698587125109
Eurasian Golden Oriole
  Oriolus oriolus
80000000000011251
Black-headed Oriole
  Oriolus larvatus
0108111118813330881112514
Pied Crow
  Corvus albus
42403833565575635810038625212565
Southern Black Tit
  Parus niger
810822331825388331581712521
Cape Penduline-Tit
  Anthoscopus minutus
810011018025000061257
Arrow-marked Babbler
  Turdoides jardineii
2540464410055426367335484712559
Southern Pied Babbler
  Turdoides bicolor
02015332218170333315151812522
African Red-eyed Bulbul
  Pycnonotus nigricans
00000000800011251
Dark-capped Bulbul
  Pycnonotus tricolor
581007767100828310075100928583125104
Kurrichane Thrush
  Turdus libonyanus
171015442236808015151712521
Groundscraper Thrush
  Psophocichla litsipsirupa
8082256958381703102112526
Familiar Chat
  Cercomela familiaris
020811220250170801012512
African Stonechat
  Saxicola torquatus
0080027813000051256
Cape Robin-Chat
  Cossypha caffra
0102311331817017678151512519
White-throated Robin-Chat
  Cossypha humeralis
2550545667453363503362775212565
Kalahari Scrub-Robin
  Cercotrichas paena
5050697867645863836792696812585
White-browed Scrub-Robin
  Cercotrichas leucophrys
67807756898267636710077777412592
Common Whitethroat
  Sylvia communis
8101500000000031254
Garden Warbler
  Sylvia borin
002300000000021253
Icterine Warbler
  Hippolais icterina
02000000003301541255
Olive-tree Warbler
  Hippolais olivetorum
1750000000008871259
Willow Warbler
  Phylloscopus trochilus
4280620000083346542912536
Yellow-bellied Eremomela
  Eremomela icteropygialis
17103822111817381700151812522
Burnt-necked Eremomela
  Eremomela usticollis
2540544456275063503331384212553
Lesser Swamp-Warbler
  Acrocephalus gracilirostris
250033119253883331311912524
African Reed-Warbler
  Acrocephalus baeticatus
8100110000000021253
Sedge Warbler
  Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
00000000000811251
Little Rush-Warbler
  Bradypterus baboecala
8003300813808871259
Barred Wren-Warbler
  Calamonastes fasciolatus
425082202700176746462612532
Long-billed Crombec
  Sylvietta rufescens
50706944788267638310092627012588
Bar-throated Apalis
  Apalis thoracica
830150113682525023542212527
Zitting Cisticola
  Cisticola juncidis
679077330181713176792624712559
Desert Cisticola
  Cisticola aridulus
1730382201881325023151912524
Neddicky
  Cisticola fulvicapilla
3360548944556775426738855812572
Tinkling Cisticola
  Cisticola rufilatus
80000000000011251
Rattling Cisticola
  Cisticola chiniana
7510010010078829288831009210090125113
Levaillant's Cisticola
  Cisticola tinniens
1710232222901300081012513
Lazy Cisticola
  Cisticola aberrans
80800000000021252
Tawny-flanked Prinia
  Prinia subflava
508069678982586333077696512581
Black-chested Prinia
  Prinia flavicans
679069100787367636710069547212590
Spotted Flycatcher
  Muscicapa striata
5080381100008054382612533
Grey Tit-Flycatcher
  Myioparus plumbeus
00000980808031254
Chestnut-vented Tit-Babbler
  Parisoma subcaeruleum
8380778910073838875100856982125102
Marico Flycatcher
  Bradornis mariquensis
67606978100911008883100697780125100
Pale Flycatcher
  Bradornis pallidus
000011000000011251
Southern Black Flycatcher
  Melaenornis pammelaina
0001109013800031254
Fiscal Flycatcher
  Sigelus silens
810150333680170001112514
Chinspot Batis
  Batis molitor
58100697810073581007510069627512594
Fairy Flycatcher
  Stenostira scita
0000222717130330071259
African Paradise-Flycatcher
  Terpsiphone viridis
33403822000003354462312529
African Pied Wagtail
  Motacilla aguimp
8301511111817131733881412518
Cape Wagtail
  Motacilla capensis
3380625689827588756769466712584
African Pipit
  Anthus cinnamomeus
58303867335542507510069775612570
Long-billed Pipit
  Anthus similis
80000000008821253
Plain-backed Pipit
  Anthus leucophrys
00000080000011251
Buffy Pipit
  Anthus vaalensis
171015221101725833801212515
Bushveld Pipit
  Anthus caffer
170800000000021253
Cape Longclaw
  Macronyx capensis
00800900800021253
Lesser Grey Shrike
  Lanius minor
5050691100000015312212527
Common Fiscal
  Lanius collaris
42204611226425254200232912536
Red-backed Shrike
  Lanius collurio
921009211000003346774112551
Southern Boubou
  Laniarius ferrugineus
8390546767825050676769927012588
Crimson-breasted Shrike
  Laniarius atrococcineus
671006989898275100100100777783125104
Black-backed Puffback
  Dryoscopus cubla
250152222181738333323382312529
Brown-crowned Tchagra
  Tchagra australis
25904689100645025676769626212577
Black-crowned Tchagra
  Tchagra senegalus
0101502218171300881012512
Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike
  Telophorus sulfureopectus
00011110008333123912511
Bokmakierie
  Telophorus zeylonus
00000900000011251
Grey-headed Bush-Shrike
  Malaconotus blanchoti
0108000008015851256
Magpie Shrike
  Corvinella melanoleuca
5870462278646788506746235412568
White-crested Helmet-Shrike
  Prionops plumatus
008110900000021253
Southern White-crowned Shrike
  Eurocephalus anguitimens
0001109013008031254
Brubru
  Nilaus afer
17202322569838423323232512531
Common Myna
  Acridotheres tristis
0200111136813803181312516
Wattled Starling
  Creatophora cinerea
0000119813000841255
Violet-backed Starling
  Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
80000000000821252
Cape Glossy Starling
  Lamprotornis nitens
58606967671006775586769626812585
Burchell's Starling
  Lamprotornis australis
800022900000841255
Red-winged Starling
  Onychognathus morio
81080018813800061258
Red-billed Oxpecker
  Buphagus erythrorhynchus
00001100138338851256
Malachite Sunbird
  Nectarinia famosa
020000000800021253
Marico Sunbird
  Cinnyris mariquensis
4250773303683886710077625812573
White-bellied Sunbird
  Cinnyris talatala
5060383333459263756785625912574
Amethyst Sunbird
  Chalcomitra amethystina
86023112204225583315232612533
Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver
  Bubalornis niger
0000091713800041255
White-browed Sparrow-Weaver
  Plocepasser mahali
17203111055253825338152212528
House Sparrow
  Passer domesticus
175038112227423833015312912536
Great Sparrow
  Passer motitensis
4260385633552550253323383912549
Cape Sparrow
  Passer melanurus
3350851156555825583331695012562
Yellow-throated Petronia
  Petronia superciliaris
800000170000021253
Scaly-feathered Finch
  Sporopipes squamifrons
75707778898292755810054777512594
Lesser Masked-Weaver
  Ploceus intermedius
170000081317081571259
Red-headed Weaver
  Anaplectes melanops
002300000000021253
Village Weaver
  Ploceus cucullatus
82000000138081561258
Cape Weaver
  Ploceus capensis
0100110000000821253
Southern Masked-Weaver
  Ploceus velatus
75100857810082837592100699285125106
Thick-billed Weaver
  Amblyospiza albifrons
00000000008011251
Red-billed Quelea
  Quelea quelea
6750626756553325333377775512569
Southern Red Bishop
  Euplectes orix
6760151133553313256746624012550
Yellow-crowned Bishop
  Euplectes afer
58400009013008231412517
Red-collared Widowbird
  Euplectes ardens
8023000013000041255
White-winged Widowbird
  Euplectes albonotatus
75908504427172517069774912561
Long-tailed Widowbird
  Euplectes progne
00800000800821253
Red-headed Finch
  Amadina erythrocephala
010151100000001551256
Cut-throat Finch
  Amadina fasciata
2520800271725008231412517
Bronze Mannikin
  Spermestes cucullatus
810800080800041255
Green-winged Pytilia
  Pytilia melba
67607722899158754210038546212577
African Firefinch
  Lagonosticta rubricata
81015224427420333315152212527
Jameson's Firefinch
  Lagonosticta rhodopareia
030151144362563253315232512531
Red-billed Firefinch
  Lagonosticta senegala
82015114455172525670152212527
Orange-breasted Waxbill
  Amandava subflava
1710811036013170001012512
Blue Waxbill
  Uraeginthus angolensis
7510085898910010088921009210092125115
Violet-eared Waxbill
  Granatina granatina
33046333355505042015233412542
Black-faced Waxbill
  Estrilda erythronotos
255062564455755042670384512556
Common Waxbill
  Estrilda astrild
675069786755426367676285612570
African Quailfinch
  Ortygospiza atricollis
335054443355583817038384112551
Pin-tailed Whydah
  Vidua macroura
83606211331883803362544012550
Shaft-tailed Whydah
  Vidua regia
425031110180380015232012525
Dusky Indigobird
  Vidua funerea
0200000000001531254
Purple Indigobird
  Vidua purpurascens
00000000008011251
Village Indigobird
  Vidua chalybeata
0203111229000000812510
Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah
  Vidua paradisaea
50704622112700000462512531
Yellow-fronted Canary
  Crithagra mozambicus
2540315644554238426738464212552
Black-throated Canary
  Crithagra atrogularis
58708544785542502510085856312579
Streaky-headed Seedeater
  Crithagra gularis
1720230098130008912511
Cinnamon-breasted Bunting
  Emberiza tahapisi
5060382211188083331462812535
Cape Bunting
  Emberiza capensis
010000000008021252
Golden-breasted Bunting
  Emberiza flaviventris
421082267271738333338313012537
Rock Dove
  Columba livia
00000080000011251
Northern Black Korhaan
  Afrotis afraoides
2520152211901303323311612520
Cape White-eye
  Zosterops virens
000110000000011251
Red-billed Hornbill
  Tockus erythrorhynchus
000110000000011251
Burchell's Coucal
  Centropus burchelli
000110000000011251
Southern Grey-headed Sparrow
  Passer diffusus
000110000000011251